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proconsul (n.)

late 14c., "governor or military commander of an ancient Roman province," having there most of the duties and authorities of a consul in Rome, from Latin proconsul "governor of a province; military commander," from phrase pro consule "(acting) in place of a consul," from pro "in place of" (see pro-) + ablative of consul. In modern use usually rhetorical, but it was a title of certain commissioners in the French Revolution, was used in English for "deputy consul," and was used again of U.S. administrators in Iraq during the early 21c. occupation. Related: Proconsular; proconsulate; proconsulship.

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Definitions of proconsul from WordNet

proconsul (n.)
an official in a modern colony who has considerable administrative power;
proconsul (n.)
a provincial governor of consular rank in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire;
proconsul (n.)
an anthropoid ape of the genus Proconsul;
From wordnet.princeton.edu