Etymology
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probate (n.)

in law, "official proving of a will," mid-15c., from Medieval Latin legalese use of Latin probatum "a thing proved," neuter of probatus "tried, tested, proved," past participle of probare "to try, test, prove" (see prove).

probate (v.)

1560s, "to prove" (a general sense now obsolete), from probate (n.) or from Latin probatus, past participle of probare "to make good; esteem, represent as good; make credible, show, demonstrate; test, inspect; judge by trial." Specific sense of "prove the genuineness of a will" is from 1792. Related: Probated; probating.

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Definitions of probate
1
probate (v.)
put a convicted person on probation by suspending his sentence;
probate (v.)
establish the legal validity of (wills and other documents);
2
probate (n.)
a judicial certificate saying that a will is genuine and conferring on the executors the power to administer the estate;
Synonyms: probate will
probate (n.)
the act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and executed in accord with legal requirements;
From wordnet.princeton.edu