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primitive (adj.)

late 14c., "of an original cause; of a thing from which something is derived; not secondary" (a sense now associated with primary), from Old French primitif "very first, original" (14c.) and directly from Latin primitivus "first or earliest of its kind," from primitus "at first," from primus "first" (see prime (adj.)).

Meaning "of or belonging to the first age" is from early 15c. Meaning "having the style of an early or ancient time" is from 1680s. In Christian sense of "adhering to the qualities of the early Church" it is recorded from 1680s. Of untrained artists from 1942. Related: Primitively.

primitive (n.)

c. 1400, "original ancestor," from Latin primitivus (see primitive (adj.)). Meaning "aboriginal person in a land visited by Europeans" is from 1779, hence the sense "uncivilized person."

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Definitions of primitive from WordNet
1
primitive (adj.)
belonging to an early stage of technical development; characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness;
primitive living conditions in the Appalachian mountains
primitive movies of the 1890s
Synonyms: crude / rude
primitive (adj.)
little evolved from or characteristic of an earlier ancestral type;
the okapi is a short-necked primitive cousin of the giraffe
primitive mammals
Synonyms: archaic
primitive (adj.)
used of preliterate or tribal or nonindustrial societies;
primitive societies
primitive (adj.)
of or created by one without formal training; simple or naive in style;
primitive art such as that by Grandma Moses is often colorful and striking
Synonyms: naive
2
primitive (n.)
a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization;
Synonyms: primitive person
primitive (n.)
a mathematical expression from which another expression is derived;
primitive (n.)
a word serving as the basis for inflected or derived forms;
`pick' is the primitive from which `picket' is derived
From wordnet.princeton.edu