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prey (n.)

mid-13c., "animal hunted for food," also "that which is taken in war," from Old French preie "booty, animal taken in the chase" (mid-12c., Modern French proie), from Latin praeda "booty, plunder, game hunted," earlier praeheda, literally "something seized before," from PIE *prai-heda-; for first element see prae-; second element related to the second element in prehendere "to grasp, seize," from PIE root *ghend- "to seize, to take."

prey (v.)

c. 1300, "to plunder, pillage, ravage," from prey (n.) and in part from Old French preer, earlier preder (c.1040), from Late Latin praedare, from praeda (see prey (n.)). Its sense of "to kill and devour" is attested from mid-14c. Related: Preyed; preying.

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Definitions of prey from WordNet
1
prey (v.)
profit from in an exploitatory manner;
Synonyms: feed
prey (v.)
prey on or hunt for;
Synonyms: raven / predate
2
prey (n.)
a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence;
he fell prey to muggers
Synonyms: quarry / target / fair game
prey (n.)
animal hunted or caught for food;
Synonyms: quarry
From wordnet.princeton.edu