early 15c., preceptour, "tutor, instructor, teacher" (the earliest reference might be to "expert in the art of prose composition"), from Latin praeceptor "teacher, instructor," agent noun from praecipere (see precept). Medical sense of "physician who gives students practical training" is attested by 1803. Related: Preceptorial.
word-forming element meaning "quality, condition; act, power, skill; office, position; relation between," Middle English -schipe, from Old English -sciepe, Anglian -scip "state, condition of being," from Proto-Germanic *-skepi- (cognates: Old Norse -skapr, Danish -skab, Old Frisian -skip, Dutch -schap, German -schaft), from *skap- "to create, ordain, appoint," from PIE root *(s)kep-, forming words meaning "to cut, scrape, hack" (see shape (v.)). It often forms abstracts to go with corresponding concretes (friend/friendship, etc.).