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prayer (n.1)

c. 1300, preiere, "earnest request, entreaty, petition," also "the practice of praying or of communing with God," from Old French prier "prayer, petition, request" (12c., Modern French prière), from Medieval Latin precaria "petition, prayer," noun use of Latin adjective precaria, fem. of precarius "obtained by prayer, given as a favor," from precari "to ask, beg, pray" (from PIE root *prek- "to ask, entreat").

From mid-14c. as "devout petition to God or a god or other object of worship;" also "the Lord's Prayer;" also "action or practice of praying." Related: Prayers. Prayer-book "book of forms for public or private devotions" is attested from 1590s; prayer-meeting "service devoted to prayer, sacred song, and other religious exercises" is from 1780. Prayer-rug "small carpet spread and used by a Muslim when engaged in devotions" is by 1898 (prayer-carpet is by 1861). To not have a prayer "have no chance" is from 1941.

prayer (n.2)

"one who offers prayers," late 14c., agent noun from pray (v.).

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Definitions of prayer

prayer (n.)
the act of communicating with a deity (especially as a petition or in adoration or contrition or thanksgiving);
the priest sank to his knees in prayer
Synonyms: supplication
prayer (n.)
reverent petition to a deity;
Synonyms: petition / orison
prayer (n.)
earnest or urgent request;
Synonyms: entreaty / appeal
prayer (n.)
a fixed text used in praying;
prayer (n.)
someone who prays to God;
Synonyms: supplicant
From wordnet.princeton.edu