Etymology
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pot (n.1)

"deep, circular vessel," from late Old English pott and Old French pot "pot, container, mortar" (also in erotic senses), both from a general Low Germanic (Old Frisian pott, Middle Dutch pot) and Romanic word from Vulgar Latin *pottus, which is of uncertain origin, said by Barnhart and OED to be unconnected to Late Latin potus "drinking cup." Similar Celtic words are said to be borrowed from English and French.

Specifically as a drinking vessel from Middle English. Slang meaning "large sum of money staked on a bet" is attested from 1823; that of "aggregate stakes in a card game" is from 1847, American English.

Pot roast "meat (generally beef) cooked in a pot with little water and allowed to become brown, as if roasted," is from 1881. Pot-plant is by 1816 as "plant grown in a pot." The phrase go to pot "be ruined or wasted" (16c.) suggests cooking, perhaps meat cut up for the pot. In phrases, the pot calls the kettle black-arse (said of one who blames another for what he himself is also guilty of) is from c. 1700; shit or get off the pot is traced by Partridge to Canadian armed forces in World War II. To keep the pot boiling "provide the necessities of life" is from 1650s.

pot (n.2)

"marijuana," 1938, probably a shortened form of Mexican Spanish potiguaya "marijuana leaves."

pot (v.)

"to put in a pot or pots," 1610s, from pot (n.1). Related: Potted; potting. Earlier it meant "to drink from a pot" (1590s). From 1860 as "shoot or kill game; shoot an enemy" (compare pot-hunter, potshot).

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Definitions of pot
1
pot (n.)
metal or earthenware cooking vessel that is usually round and deep; often has a handle and lid;
pot (n.)
a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination;
Synonyms: toilet / can / commode / crapper / potty / stool / throne
pot (n.)
the quantity contained in a pot;
Synonyms: potful
pot (n.)
a container in which plants are cultivated;
Synonyms: flowerpot
pot (n.)
(often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;
Synonyms: batch / deal / flock / good deal / great deal / hatful / heap / lot / mass / mess / mickle / mint / mountain / muckle / passel / peck / pile / plenty / quite a little / raft / sight / slew / spate / stack / tidy sum / wad
pot (n.)
the cumulative amount involved in a game (such as poker);
Synonyms: jackpot / kitty
pot (n.)
slang for a paunch;
Synonyms: potbelly / bay window / corporation / tummy
pot (n.)
a resistor with three terminals, the third being an adjustable center terminal; used to adjust voltages in radios and TV sets;
Synonyms: potentiometer
pot (n.)
street names for marijuana;
Synonyms: grass / green goddess / dope / weed / gage / sess / sens / smoke / skunk / locoweed / Mary Jane
2
pot (v.)
plant in a pot;
He potted the palm
From wordnet.princeton.edu