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portion (n.)

early 14c., "allotted part, share," from Old French porcion "part, portion" (12c., Modern French portion) and directly from Latin portionem (nominative portio) "share, part," accusative of the noun in the phrase pro portione "according to the relation (of parts to each other)," ablative of *partio "division," related to pars "a part, piece, a share, a division" (from PIE root *pere- (2) "to grant, allot"). From late 14c. in general sense of "section into which something is divided."

portion (v.)

"to divide in portions," early 14c., from Old French porcioner "share out, divide in portions," from porcion (see portion (n.)). Related: Portioned; portioning.

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Definitions of portion from WordNet
1
portion (n.)
something determined in relation to something that includes it;
I read a portion of the manuscript
Synonyms: part / component part / component / constituent
portion (n.)
something less than the whole of a human artifact;
Synonyms: part
portion (n.)
the allotment of some amount by dividing something;
Synonyms: parcel / share
portion (n.)
assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group;
Synonyms: share / part / percentage
portion (n.)
your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you);
success that was her portion
Synonyms: fortune / destiny / fate / luck / lot / circumstances
portion (n.)
money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage;
Synonyms: dowry / dowery / dower
portion (n.)
an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal;
his portion was larger than hers
Synonyms: helping / serving
2
portion (v.)
give out;
Synonyms: assign / allot
From wordnet.princeton.edu