Etymology
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populate (v.)

"to people, inhabit; form or furnish the population of a country, etc.," 1610s, from Medieval Latin populatus, past participle of populare "inhabit, to people," from Latin populus "inhabitants, people, nation" (see people (n.)). Earlier in English it was an adjective, "peopled, populated" (1570s). Related: Populated; populating.

updated on September 04, 2020

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Definitions of populate from WordNet

populate (v.)
be an inhabitant of or reside in;
Synonyms: dwell / live / inhabit
populate (v.)
fill with inhabitants;
populate the forest with deer and wild boar for hunting
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.