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politics (n.)

1520s, "science of government," from politic (adj.), modeled on Aristotle's ta politika "affairs of state," the name of his book on governing and governments, which was in English mid-15c. as "Polettiques." Also see -ics.

Politicks is the science of good sense, applied to public affairs, and, as those are forever changing, what is wisdom to-day would be folly and perhaps, ruin to-morrow. Politicks is not a science so properly as a business. It cannot have fixed principles, from which a wise man would never swerve, unless the inconstancy of men's view of interest and the capriciousness of the tempers could be fixed. [Fisher Ames (1758-1808)]

Meaning "a person's political allegiances or opinions" is from 1769.

Origin and meaning of politics

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Definitions of politics from WordNet

politics (n.)
social relations involving intrigue to gain authority or power;
office politics is often counterproductive
Synonyms: political relation
politics (n.)
the study of government of states and other political units;
Synonyms: political science / government
politics (n.)
the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs;
politics (n.)
the opinion you hold with respect to political questions;
Synonyms: political sympathies
politics (n.)
the activities and affairs involved in managing a state or a government;
government agencies multiplied beyond the control of representative politics
unemployment dominated the politics of the inter-war years
From wordnet.princeton.edu