Etymology
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political (adj.)

1550s, "of or pertaining to a polity, civil affairs, or government;" from Latin politicus "of citizens or the state" (see politic (adj.)) + -al (1). Meaning "taking sides in party politics" (usually pejorative) is from 1749. Political prisoner first recorded 1860; political science is from 1779 (first attested in Hume). Political animal translates Greek politikon zōon (Aristotle, "Politics," I.ii.9) "an animal intended to live in a city; a social animal":

From these things therefore it is clear that the city-state is a natural growth, and that man is by nature a political animal, and a man that is by nature and not merely by fortune citiless is either low in the scale of humanity or above it ... inasmuch as he is solitary, like an isolated piece at draughts. [Rackham transl.]

updated on May 07, 2022

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Definitions of political from WordNet

political (adj.)
involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians; "calling a meeting is a political act in itself"- Daniel Goleman;
political policy
political office
political pressure
a political machine
political (adj.)
of or relating to your views about social relationships involving authority or power;
political opinions
political (adj.)
of or relating to the profession of governing;
political career
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.