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polemic (n.)

1630s, "controversial argument or discussion, a controversy," from French polémique (16c./17c.), noun use of adjective meaning "disputatious, controversial" (see polemic (adj.)). From 1670s as "a disputant, one who writes or argues in opposition to another."

polemic (adj.)

"of or pertaining to controversy," 1640s, from French polémique "disputatious, controversial," or directly from Greek polemikos "of war, warlike, belligerent; skilled in war, fit for service; like an enemy, stirring up hostility," from polemos "war," a word of unknown origin. Related: Polemical (1630s); polemically.

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Definitions of polemic from WordNet
1
polemic (n.)
a writer who argues in opposition to others (especially in theology);
Synonyms: polemicist / polemist
polemic (n.)
a controversy (especially over a belief or dogma);
2
polemic (adj.)
of or involving dispute or controversy;
Synonyms: polemical
From wordnet.princeton.edu