Etymology
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pint (n.)

mid-14c., "liquid measure equal to half a quart;" also "a vessel holding a pint," from Old French pinte "liquid measure, pint" (13c.), probably from Vulgar Latin *pincta (source of Old Provençal, Spanish, Italian pinta,Dutch, German pint), altered from Latin picta "painted," fem. past participle of pingere "to paint" (see paint (v.)), on notion of a painted mark on a vessel indicating this measure. Used elliptically for "pint of ale" (or beer) from 1742. Pint-sized "small" (especially in reference to children) is recorded by 1930; the literal sense is older.

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Definitions of pint

pint (n.)
a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 gills or 568.26 cubic centimeters;
pint (n.)
a United States dry unit equal to 0.5 quart or 33.6 cubic inches;
Synonyms: dry pint
pint (n.)
a United States liquid unit equal to 16 fluid ounces; two pints equal one quart;
From wordnet.princeton.edu