phylum (n.)

"division of the plant or animal kingdom," 1868, Modern Latin, coined by French naturalist Georges Léopole Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron Cuvier (1769-1832) from Greek phylon "race, stock," related to phyle "tribe, clan" (from PIE root *bheue- "to be, exist, grow"). The immediate source of the English word probably is from German.

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