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phone (n.1)

1884, colloquial shortening of telephone (n.), "generally applied to the receiver, but sometimes to the whole apparatus" [Century Dictionary, 1895]. Phone book "publication listing telephone numbers and their associated names" is by 1920; phone booth "small enclosure or stall provided with a public pay-telephone" is by 1906; phone bill "statement of charges for telephone service" is by 1901; phone number (short for telephone number) is by 1906.

phone (v.)

"to call on the telephone," 1884, colloquial, from phone (n.). Related: Phoned; phoning.

phone (n.2)

"elementary sound of a spoken language, one of the primary elements of utterance," 1866, from Greek phōnē "sound, voice," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say."

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Definitions of phone from WordNet
1
phone (n.)
electronic equipment that converts sound into electrical signals that can be transmitted over distances and then converts received signals back into sounds;
Synonyms: telephone / telephone set
phone (n.)
(phonetics) an individual sound unit of speech without concern as to whether or not it is a phoneme of some language;
Synonyms: speech sound / sound
phone (n.)
electro-acoustic transducer for converting electric signals into sounds; it is held over or inserted into the ear;
Synonyms: earphone / earpiece / headphone
2
phone (v.)
get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone;
Synonyms: call / telephone / call up / ring
From wordnet.princeton.edu