Etymology
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perishable (adj.)

late 15c., perysabyl, periscable, "subject to decay or destruction," from Old French périssable, and later (in modern form), 1610s, directly from perish + -able. As a noun, perishables, in reference to foodstuffs, is attested from 1895.

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Definitions of perishable
1
perishable (n.)
food that will decay rapidly if not refrigerated;
Synonyms: spoilable
2
perishable (adj.)
liable to perish; subject to destruction or death or decay;
perishable foods such as butter and fruit
this minute and perishable planet
From wordnet.princeton.edu