Etymology
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percent

"by the hundred;" with a preceding numeral expressing a proportion of the whole amount, 1560s, per cent, from Modern Latin per centum "by the hundred" (see per and see hundred). Until early 20c. often treated as an abbreviation and punctuated accordingly.

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Definitions of percent

percent (n.)
a proportion in relation to a whole (which is usually the amount per hundred);
Synonyms: percentage / per centum / pct
From wordnet.princeton.edu