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penology (n.)

"study of punishment for crime and crime prevention," 1838, coined apparently by Francis Lieber, corresponding member of the Philadephia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons, from pen- as in penitentiary (ultimately from Latin poena "penalty, punishment;" see penal) + -ology "study of." Related: Penologist; penological.

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Definitions of penology

penology (n.)
the branch of criminology concerned with prison management and prisoner rehabilitation;
Synonyms: poenology
From wordnet.princeton.edu