Etymology
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Words related to penny

pence (n.)

late 14c., a contraction of penies, collective plural of penny. Spelling with -ce reflects the voiceless pronunciation (compare dice (n.), deuce, hence). After the introduction of decimal currency in Britain in 1971, it began to be used in singular (one pence).

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cent (n.)

late 14c., "one hundred," from Latin centum "hundred" (see hundred). The meaning shifted 17c. to "hundredth part" under influence of percent. It was chosen in this sense in 1786 as a name for a U.S. currency unit (the hundredth part of a dollar) by the Continental Congress. The word first was suggested by Robert Morris in 1782 under a different currency plan. Before the cent, Revolutionary and colonial dollars were reckoned in ninetieths, based on the exchange rate of Pennsylvania money and Spanish coin.

catchpenny (n.)

"something of little value but externally attractive and made to sell quickly," 1760, from catch (v.) + penny (n.). Also as an adjective.

halfpenny (n.)
mid-13c. (though implied in Old English healfpenigwurð "halfpenny-worth"); see half + penny.
penniless (adj.)

"destitute, poverty-stricken," early 14c., penyles, from penny + -less.

penny-ante (adj.)
"cheap, trivial," 1935; extended from use in reference to poker played for insignificant stakes (1855), from penny + ante.
pennyfarthing (adj.)

also penny farthing, penny-farthing, "ineffective," 1887, from penny + farthing, the two together making but a small sum. The noun, in reference to the kind of bicycle with a small wheel in back and a big one in front (so called from the notion of different size coins) is attested by 1920.

pennyweight (n.)

unit of measure equal to the weight of one penny, Old English penega gewiht, originally the weight of a silver penny (22 grains); see penny + weight (n.).

pennyworth (n.)

"goods costing a penny, as much as can be bought for a penny," Middle English peni-worth, from Old English peningwurð; see penny + worth (adj.). Figurative of "small amount" from mid-14c. Also generally, "value for the money given" (mid-14c.).