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peg (n.)

"pointed pin of wood, metal, or other material," mid-15c., pegge, from Middle Dutch pegge "peg," or a similar Low German word (Low German pigge "peg," German Pegel "gauge rod, watermark," Middle Dutch pegel "little knob used as a mark," Dutch peil "gauge, watermark, standard"); of uncertain origin; perhaps from PIE *bak- "staff used as support" (see bacillus).

To be a square peg in a round hole (or the reverse) "be inappropriate for one's situation" is attested by 1836; to take someone down a peg "humble, lower the esteem of" is from 1580s, but the original literal sense is uncertain (most of the sensibly plausible candidates are not attested until centuries later). Peg leg "wooden leg of the simplest form" is attested from 1765.

peg (v.)

"fasten with or as if on a peg, drive pegs into for the purpose of fastening," 1590s, from peg (n.). Meaning "fix the market price" is by 1882. Slang sense of "identify, classify" is recorded by 1920. Related: Pegged; pegging.

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Definitions of peg from WordNet
1
peg (n.)
a wooden pin pushed or driven into a surface;
Synonyms: nog
peg (n.)
small markers inserted into a surface to mark scores or define locations etc.;
Synonyms: pin
peg (n.)
informal terms for the leg;
Synonyms: pin / stick
peg (n.)
a prosthesis that replaces a missing leg;
Synonyms: wooden leg / leg / pegleg
peg (n.)
regulator that can be turned to regulate the pitch of the strings of a stringed instrument;
peg (n.)
a holder attached to the gunwale of a boat that holds the oar in place and acts as a fulcrum for rowing;
Synonyms: pin / thole / tholepin / rowlock / oarlock
2
peg (v.)
succeed in obtaining a position;
Synonyms: nail down / nail
peg (v.)
pierce with a wooden pin or knock or thrust a wooden pin into;
peg (v.)
fasten or secure with a wooden pin;
peg a tent
Synonyms: peg down
peg (v.)
stabilize (the price of a commodity or an exchange rate) by legislation or market operations;
The weak currency was pegged to the US Dollar
From wordnet.princeton.edu