Etymology
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peculiar (adj.)

mid-15c., "belonging exclusively to one person," also "special, particular," from Old French peculiaire and directly from Latin peculiaris "of one's own (property)," from peculium "private property," literally "property in cattle" (in ancient times the most important form of property), from pecu "cattle, flock," related to pecus "cattle" (see pecuniary).

The meaning "unusual, uncommon, odd" is by c. 1600 (earlier "distinguished, special, particular, select," 1580s; for sense development, compare idiom). The euphemistic phrase peculiar institution for U.S. slavery is by 1838. Related: Peculiarly.

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Definitions of peculiar

peculiar (adj.)
unique or specific to a person or thing or category;
rights peculiar to the rich
an expression peculiar to Canadians
a peculiar bond of sympathy between them
Synonyms: particular / special
peculiar (adj.)
characteristic of one only; distinctive or special; "the peculiar character of the Government of the U.S."- R.B.Taney;
peculiar (adj.)
beyond or deviating from the usual or expected;
the peculiar aromatic odor of cloves
Synonyms: curious / funny / odd / queer / rum / rummy / singular
peculiar (adj.)
markedly different from the usual; "a man...feels it a peculiar insult to be taunted with cowardice by a woman"-Virginia Woolf;
a peculiar hobby of stuffing and mounting bats
From wordnet.princeton.edu