Etymology
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patriarchy (n.)

1560s, "ecclesiastical province under a patriarch; church government by patriarchs," from Latinized form of Greek patriarkhia, from patriarkhēs "male chief or head of a family" (see patriarch). Meaning "system of society or government by fathers or elder males of the community" is recorded from 1630s.

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Definitions of patriarchy

patriarchy (n.)
a form of social organization in which a male is the family head and title is traced through the male line;
Synonyms: patriarchate
From wordnet.princeton.edu