Etymology
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patina (n.)

"greenish encrustation on old bronze," 1748, from French patine (18c.), from Italian patina. This appears to be from Latin patina "shallow pan, dish, stew-pan" (from Greek patane "plate, dish," from PIE *pet-ano-, from root *pete- "to spread"), but it is uncertain why, as patina was found on many ancient objects other than bronze plates and pans. It was considered to add greatly to the beauty of antique bronzes, hence the sense of "refinement, cultural sophistication" recorded by 1933. Extended by the 1890s to the surface textures of other works of decorative arts.

updated on February 25, 2020

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Definitions of patina from WordNet

patina (n.)
a fine coating of oxide (produced by oxidation over a long period of time) on the surface of a metal (particularly copper);
patina (n.)
an acquired change in the appearance of something (other than metal or wood);
a patina of good breeding
a patina of frost
patina (n.)
a gloss or sheen on wooden furniture produced by age, polishing, or handling;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.