Etymology
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paternalism (n.)

1851, "feeling of a father for his children," from paternal + -ism. By 1866 "government as by a father over his children, undue solicitude on the part of the central government for the protection of the people," specifically "excessive governmental regulation of the private affairs and business methods of the people." Related: Paternalistic (1890).

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Definitions of paternalism

paternalism (n.)
the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good;
From wordnet.princeton.edu