Etymology
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part of speech (n.)

"a word viewed as a constituent member of a sentence," c. 1500, translating Latin pars orationis (see parse). The parts of speech are: Noun, adjective, pronoun, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. Sometimes article and participle are counted among them.

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Definitions of part of speech

part of speech (n.)
one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context;
Synonyms: form class / word class
From wordnet.princeton.edu