Etymology
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parent (n.)

early 15c. (late 12c. as a surname), "a mother or father; a forebear, ancestor," from Old French parent "father, parent, relative, kin" (11c.) and directly from Latin parentem (nominative parens) "father or mother, ancestor," noun use of present participle of parire "bring forth, give birth to, produce," from PIE root *pere- (1) "to produce, bring forth." Began to replace native elder after c. 1500.

parent (v.)

1660s, transitive, "be or act as a parent to," from parent (n.). Intransitive sense of "be a parent" is by 1959. Related: Parented; parenting.

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Definitions of parent
1
parent (n.)
a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian;
parent (n.)
an organism (plant or animal) from which younger ones are obtained;
2
parent (v.)
look after a child until it is an adult;
Synonyms: rear / raise / bring up / nurture
From wordnet.princeton.edu