Etymology
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papacy (n.)

late 14c., papacie, "the office or jurisdiction of a pope," from Medieval Latin papatia "papal office," from Late Latin papa "pope" (see pope). Old English had papdom in this sense. Meaning "the succession or line of popes; the system of ecclesiastical government based upon authority of the Bishop of Rome over the Church" is from 1540s.

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Definitions of papacy

papacy (n.)
the government of the Roman Catholic Church;
Synonyms: pontificate
From wordnet.princeton.edu