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painful (adj.)

mid-14c., peineful, "characterized by or attended by pain" (originally of the Crucifixion), from pain (n.) + -ful. Meaning "causing physical pain" is from c. 1400; that of "inflicting pain" (of punishments, etc.) is by mid-15c. Related: Painfully; painfulness.

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Definitions of painful from WordNet

painful (adj.)
causing physical or psychological pain;
worked with painful slowness
painful (adj.)
causing misery or pain or distress;
the painful process of growing up
Synonyms: afflictive / sore
painful (adj.)
exceptionally bad or displeasing;
a painful performance
painful (adj.)
causing physical discomfort; "bites of black flies are more than irritating; they can be very painful";
Synonyms: irritating
From wordnet.princeton.edu