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pad (n.)

1550s, "bundle of straw to lie on," a word of obscure origin (perhaps a merger of several separate words), possibly from or related to Low German or obsolete Flemish pad "sole of the foot," which is perhaps from PIE *pent- "to tread, go" (see find (v.)), but see path (n.).

Sense of "soft cushion" is from 1560s, originally a soft saddle. Generalized sense of "something soft" is from c. 1700. Meaning "cushion-like part on the sole of an animal foot" in English is from 1790. The sense of "a number of sheets fastened or glued together at the edge" (in writing-pad, drawing-pad, etc.) is from 1865.

Sense of "takeoff or landing place for a helicopter or missile" is from 1949; the notion is of something to prevent friction or jarring. The word persisted in underworld slang from early 18c. in the sense "sleeping place," and this was popularized again c. 1959, originally in beatnik speech (later hippie slang) in its original English sense of "place to sleep temporarily," also "a room to use drugs."

pad (v.1)

"to walk, travel on foot, tramp slowly or wearily along," 1550s, probably from Middle Dutch paden "walk along a path, make a path," from pad, pat "path" (compare path). Originally a cant word among criminals and vagabonds, perhaps of imitative origin (sound of feet trudging on a dirt road). Related: Padded; padding. English also formerly had the noun pad meaning "path, foot path" (1560s), which might be from this verb, or from the Dutch noun, or a variant of path.

pad (v.2)

"to stuff with pads or padding, increase the amount of," 1827, from pad (n.). Of writing, "expand by insertion of extraneous matter," 1831; transferred to expense accounts, etc. by 1890. Related: Padded; padding. The idea of a padded cell in an asylum or prison (1862, padded room) is to prevent those inside from injuring themselves by dashing against the walls.

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Definitions of pad from WordNet
1
pad (n.)
a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge;
Synonyms: pad of paper / tablet
pad (n.)
the large floating leaf of an aquatic plant (as the water lily);
pad (n.)
a block of absorbent material saturated with ink; used to transfer ink evenly to a rubber stamp;
Synonyms: inkpad / inking pad / stamp pad
pad (n.)
a flat mass of soft material used for protection, stuffing, or comfort;
pad (n.)
a platform from which rockets or space craft are launched;
Synonyms: launching pad / launchpad / launch pad / launch area
pad (n.)
temporary living quarters;
Synonyms: diggings / digs / domiciliation / lodgings
pad (n.)
the fleshy cushion-like underside of an animal's foot or of a human's finger;
2
pad (v.)
add details to;
Synonyms: embroider / lard / embellish / aggrandize / aggrandise / blow up / dramatize / dramatise
pad (v.)
walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud;
Synonyms: slog / footslog / plod / trudge / tramp
pad (v.)
line or stuff with soft material;
pad a bra
Synonyms: fill out
pad (v.)
add padding to;
pad the seat of the chair
Synonyms: bolster
From wordnet.princeton.edu