Etymology
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overtake (v.)

"to come up to, catch up with, catch in pursuit," early 13c., from over- + take (v.). According to OED, originally "the running down and catching of a fugitive or beast of chase"; the editors find the sense of over- in this word "not so clear." The meaning "take by surprise, come on unexpectedly" (of storms, night, misfortune) is from late 14c. Related: Overtaken; overtaking. Old English had oferniman "to take away, carry off, seize, ravish."

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Definitions of overtake

overtake (v.)
catch up with and possibly overtake;
Synonyms: catch / catch up with
overtake (v.)
travel past;
Synonyms: pass / overhaul
overtake (v.)
overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli;
Synonyms: overwhelm / overpower / sweep over / whelm / overcome
From wordnet.princeton.edu