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overhaul (v.)

1620s, "to slacken (rope) by pulling in the opposite direction to that in which it is drawn," from over- + haul (v.); originally nautical. The extended sense "examine thoroughly with a view to repairs" (by 1705) is via the notion of "pull rigging apart for examination," which was done by slackening the rope by hauling in the opposite direction to that in which it is pulled in hoisting. From 1793 it replaced overhale (1530s) in sense of "overtake," probably by similarity of sound and loss of the literal sense of hale (v.). Related: Overhauled; overhauling.

overhaul (n.)

"an examination, inspection, repair," 1788, in nautical slang, from overhaul (v.).

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Definitions of overhaul from WordNet
1
overhaul (v.)
travel past;
Synonyms: pass / overtake
overhaul (v.)
make repairs, renovations, revisions or adjustments to;
You should overhaul your car engine
overhaul the health care system
Synonyms: modernize / modernise
2
overhaul (n.)
periodic maintenance on a car or machine;
it was time for an overhaul on the tractor
Synonyms: inspection and repair / service
overhaul (n.)
the act of improving by renewing and restoring;
a major overhaul of the healthcare system was proposed
From wordnet.princeton.edu