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overcome (v.)

Old English ofercuman "to reach, overtake, move or pass over," also "to conquer, prevail over, defeat in combat" (the Devil, evil spirits, sin, temptation, etc.), from ofer (see over) + cuman "to come" (see come (v.)). A common Germanic compound (Middle Dutch overkomen, Old High German ubarqueman, German überkommen).

In reference to mental or chemical force, "to overwhelm, render helpless," it is in late Old English. Meaning "to surmount (a difficulty or obstacle); succeed, be successful" is from c. 1200. The Civil Rights anthem "We Shall Overcome" was put together c. 1950s from the lyrics of Charles Tindley's spiritual "I'll Overcome Some Day" (1901) and the melody from the pre-Civil War spiritual "No More Auction Block for Me." Related: Overcame; overcoming.

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Definitions of overcome from WordNet

overcome (v.)
win a victory over;
You must overcome all difficulties
He overcame his infirmity
He overcame his shyness
Synonyms: get the better of / defeat
overcome (v.)
get on top of; deal with successfully;
He overcame his shyness
Synonyms: get over / subdue / surmount / master
overcome (v.)
overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli;
Synonyms: overwhelm / overpower / sweep over / whelm / overtake
overcome (v.)
overcome, usually through no fault or weakness of the person that is overcome;
Synonyms: get the best / have the best
From wordnet.princeton.edu