Etymology
Advertisement

Words related to over

overcome (v.)

Old English ofercuman "to reach, overtake, move or pass over," also "to conquer, prevail over, defeat in combat" (the Devil, evil spirits, sin, temptation, etc.), from ofer (see over) + cuman "to come" (see come (v.)). A common Germanic compound (Middle Dutch overkomen, Old High German ubarqueman, German überkommen).

In reference to mental or chemical force, "to overwhelm, render helpless," it is in late Old English. Meaning "to surmount (a difficulty or obstacle); succeed, be successful" is from c. 1200. The Civil Rights anthem "We Shall Overcome" was put together c. 1950s from the lyrics of Charles Tindley's spiritual "I'll Overcome Some Day" (1901) and the melody from the pre-Civil War spiritual "No More Auction Block for Me." Related: Overcame; overcoming.

Advertisement
overdo (v.)

Old English oferdon "to do too much, be excessive or immoderate, exceed the proper limit," also in late Old English transitive, "to do (something) to excess," from ofer (see over) + don (see do (v.)). A common Germanic formation (compare Old High German ubartuan). Meaning "to overtax, exhaust, fatigue by too much action" (especially in phrase to overdo it) is attested from 1817. Of food, "to cook too long," is by 1680s (implied in past-participle adjective overdone).

overly (adv.)

"above or beyond the proper amount or degree," mid-15c., from over (adv.) + -ly. Old English had oferlice "excessively." Used colloquially in place of over- in certain situations. After Old English and until 20c., the word is mostly in Scottish and American English and was often "regarded as an Americanism in the U.K." [OED].

override (v.)

Middle English overriden, from Old English oferridan "to ride across, ride through or over," from ofer "over" (see over) + ridan "to ride" (see ride (v.)). Originally literal, of cavalry, etc. Figurative meaning "to set aside arrogantly" is by 1827, from the notion of "to trample down," hence "supersede." The mechanical sense "to suspend automatic operation" is attested from 1946. As a noun in the sense "act or process of suspending automatic operation," from 1946. Related: Overrode; overriding; overridden.

And þanne þeze Frenschmen come prikkyng doun as þei wolde haue ouyr-rydyn alle oure meyne; but God and our archers made hem sone to stomble. [Layamon, from the description of the Battle of Agincourt in "The Brut, or The Chronicles of England"] 
overshadow (v.)

Old English ofersceadwian "to cast a shadow over, obscure;" see over + shadow (v.). It was used to render Latin obumbrare in New Testament, as were Middle High German überschatewen, Middle Dutch overschaduwen, Gothic ufarskadwjan in those languages. Figurative sense is from 1580s. Related: Overshadowed; overshadowing.

popover (n.)

also pop-over, "light cake," 1859, from pop (v.) + over (adv.). Perhaps so called because it swells over the rim of the tin when baked.

pullover (adj.)

also pull-over, 1871, originally of hats, from the verbal phrase; see pull (v.) + over (adv.). As a noun, from 1875 as a kind of cap of silk or felted fur drawn over a hat-body to form the napping; 1925 as a type of sweater (short for pullover sweater, 1912), so called in reference to the method of putting it on by drawing it over the head. To pull over, in reference to a driver or motor vehicle, "go to the side of the road," is by 1930.

pushover (n.)

also push-over, "something easily done or overcome," 1900 of jobs or tasks; 1922 of persons (incompetent boxers and easy women), from the verbal phrase; see push (v.) + over (adv.).

rollover (n.)

also roll-over "an overturning," 1945, from the verbal phrase; see roll (v.) + over (adv.).

sleep-over (n.)
1935, from verbal phrase; see sleep (v.) + over (adv.).

Page 3