Etymology
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outrage (n.)

c. 1300, "evil deed, offense, crime; affront, indignity, act not within established or reasonable limits," of food, drink, dress, speech, etc., from Old French outrage "harm, damage; insult; criminal behavior; presumption, insolence, overweening" (12c.), earlier oltrage (11c.), from Vulgar Latin *ultraticum "excess," from Latin ultra "beyond" (from suffixed form of PIE root *al- "beyond").

Etymologically, "the passing beyond reasonable bounds" in any sense; meaning narrowed in English toward violent excesses because of folk etymology from out + rage. Of injuries to feelings, principles, etc., from 1769.

outrage (v.)

c. 1300, outragen, "to go to excess, act immoderately," from outrage (n.) or from Old French oultrager. From 1580s with meaning "do violence to, attack, maltreat." Related: Outraged; outraging.

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Definitions of outrage
1
outrage (n.)
a feeling of righteous anger;
Synonyms: indignation
outrage (n.)
a wantonly cruel act;
outrage (n.)
a disgraceful event;
Synonyms: scandal
outrage (n.)
the act of scandalizing;
Synonyms: scandalization / scandalisation
2
outrage (v.)
strike with disgust or revulsion;
Synonyms: shock / offend / scandalize / scandalise / appal / appall
outrage (v.)
violate the sacred character of a place or language;
Synonyms: desecrate / profane / violate
outrage (v.)
force (someone) to have sex against their will;
From wordnet.princeton.edu