Etymology
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out (adv.)

expressing motion or direction from within or from a central point, also removal from proper place or position, Old English ut "out, without, outside," from Proto-Germanic *ūt- (Old Norse, Old Frisian, Old Saxon, Gothic ut, Middle Dutch uut, Dutch uit, Old High German uz, German aus), from PIE root *uidh- "up, out, up away, on high" (source also of Sanskrit ut "up, out," uttarah "higher, upper, later, northern;" Avestan uz- "up, out," Old Irish ud- "out," Latin usque "all the way to, continuously, without interruption," Greek hysteros "the latter," Russian vy- "out").

Sense of "to a full end, completely, to a conclusion or finish" is from c. 1300. Meaning "so as to be no longer burning or alight; into darkness" is from c. 1400. Of position or situation, "beyond the bounds of, not within," early 15c. Meaning "into public notice" is from 1540s; that of "away from one's place of residence," c. 1600. The political sense of "not in office, removed or ejected from a position" is from c. 1600. Meaning "come into sight, become visible" (of stars, etc.) is by 1610s. In radio communication, a word indicating that the speaker has finished speaking, by 1950.

As a preposition, "out of; from, away from; outside of, beyond; except; without, lacking;" mid-13c., from the adverb.

Meaning "from harmonious relations, into quarreling" (as in to fall out) is from 1520s. Meaning "from one's normal state of mind" (as in put out) is from 1580s; out to lunch "insane" is student slang from 1955. Adjectival phrase out-of-the-way "remote, secluded" is attested from late 15c. Out-of-towner "one not from a certain place" is from 1911. Out of this world "excellent" is from 1938; out of sight "excellent, superior" is from 1891. To (verb) it out "bring to a finish" is from 1580s. Expression from here on out "henceforward" is by 1942. Out upon, expressing abhorrence or reproach, is from early 15c.

out (v.)

Old English utian "expel, put out," from the source of out (adv.). It has been used in many specific senses over the years; the meaning "disclose to public view, reveal, make known" is by mid-14c.

Eufrosyne preyde Þat god schulde not outen hire to nowiht. ["Legendary of St. Euphrosyne," c. 1350]

Meaning "to expose as a closet homosexual" is first by 1990 (as an adjective meaning "openly avowing one's homosexuality" it dates from 1970s; see closet). To come out "declare oneself publicly as homosexual" is from 1968 and probably short for come out of the closet. Related: Outed; outing. Compare outen.

out (n.)

late 15c., "egress," from out (adj). From 1620s, "a being out" (of something), from out (adv.). From 1764 in politics as "the party which is out of office." From 1860 in the baseball sense "act of getting an opposing player out of active play." From 1919 as "means of escape; alibi."

out (adj.)

late Old English, "outer," from out (adv.). From mid-13c. as "that is or lies on the outside, exterior." Of a light or candle, "extinguished, no longer burning," c. 1300.  Sense of "no longer secret" is by 1713. Sense in baseball (1860) was earlier in cricket (1746). Meaning "unconscious" is attested from 1898, originally in boxing from the notion of "defeated ('out') by failing to rise within a 10-count." To be out on one's feet is from 1952. From 1966 as "unfashionable, not stylish, popular, or modern."

updated on October 17, 2019

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Definitions of out from WordNet
1
out (adj.)
not allowed to continue to bat or run;
he was tagged out at second on a close play
he fanned out
out (adj.)
knocked unconscious by a heavy blow;
Synonyms: knocked out / kayoed / KO'd / stunned
out (adj.)
not worth considering as a possibility;
a picnic is out because of the weather
out (adj.)
directed outward or serving to direct something outward;
the out basket
the out doorway
out (adj.)
outside or external;
the out surface of a ship's hull
out (adj.)
being out or having grown cold;
the fire is out
Synonyms: extinct
out (adj.)
out of power; especially having been unsuccessful in an election;
now the Democrats are out
out (adj.)
excluded from use or mention;
in our house dancing and playing cards were out
Synonyms: forbidden / prohibited / proscribed / taboo / tabu / verboten
out (adj.)
no longer fashionable;
that style is out these days
out (adj.)
outer or outlying;
the out islands
2
out (v.)
to state openly and publicly one's homosexuality;
This actor outed last year
Synonyms: come out of the closet / come out
out (v.)
reveal (something) about somebody's identity or lifestyle;
The gay actor was outed last week
Someone outed a CIA agent
out (v.)
be made known; be disclosed or revealed;
The truth will out
Synonyms: come out
3
out (adv.)
moving or appearing to move away from a place, especially one that is enclosed or hidden;
the cat came out from under the bed
out (adv.)
away from home;
they went out last night
out (adv.)
from one's possession;
he gave out money to the poor
Synonyms: away
4
out (n.)
(baseball) a failure by a batter or runner to reach a base safely in baseball;
you only get 3 outs per inning
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.