Etymology
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orientation (n.)

1839, "arrangement (of a building, etc.) to face east or any other specified direction," noun of action from orient (v.). Meaning "process of determining the points of the compass is by 1868, hence the extended sense of "action of determining one's mental bearings," with reference to new ideas, etc. (1870). Meaning "introduction to a situation" is from 1942. Sense of "the position or arrangement (of something) relative to the points of the compass" is from 1875. Related: Orientational.

updated on September 25, 2019

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Definitions of orientation from WordNet

orientation (n.)
the act of orienting;
orientation (n.)
an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs;
orientation (n.)
position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions;
orientation (n.)
a predisposition in favor of something;
showed a Marxist orientation
orientation (n.)
a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships;
orientation (n.)
a course introducing a new situation or environment;
Synonyms: orientation course
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.