Etymology
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offer (v.)

Middle English offeren, from Old English ofrian "to bring or put forward, to make a presentation, to show, exhibit;" also "to sacrifice, present something solemnly or worshipfully as a religious sacrifice, bring an oblation," from Latin offerre "to present, bestow, bring before" (in Late Latin "to present in worship"), from assimilated form of ob "to" (see ob-) + ferre "to bring, to carry," from PIE root *bher- (1) "to carry," also "to bear children."

From early 15c. as "to present (something) for acceptance or rejection." From 1530s as "to attempt to do." Commercial sense of "to expose for sale" is from 1630s. The Latin word was borrowed widely in Germanic languages in the religious sense via Christianity: Old Frisian offria, Middle Dutch offeren, Old Norse offra. The non-religious senses in English were from or reinforced by sense of Old French offrir "to offer," which is from Latin offerre. Related: Offered; offering.

offer (n.)

early 15c., offre, "a proposal presented for acceptance or rejection," from Old French ofre "act of offering; offer, proposition" (12c.), verbal noun from offrir "to offer," from Latin offerre "to present, bestow, bring before" (see offer (v.)). The native noun formation is offering. Meaning "act of proposing a price to obtain or do something" is from 1540s.

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Definitions of offer
1
offer (v.)
make available or accessible, provide or furnish;
The conference center offers a health spa
The hotel offers private meeting rooms
offer (v.)
present for acceptance or rejection;
She offered us all a cold drink
Synonyms: proffer
offer (v.)
agree freely;
I offered to help with the dishes but the hostess would not hear of it
Synonyms: volunteer
offer (v.)
put forward for consideration;
He offered his opinion
offer (v.)
offer verbally;
He offered his sympathy
Synonyms: extend
offer (v.)
make available for sale;
The stores are offering specials on sweaters this week
offer (v.)
propose a payment;
The Swiss dealer offered $2 million for the painting
Synonyms: bid / tender
offer (v.)
produce or introduce on the stage;
The Shakespeare Company is offering `King Lear' this month
offer (v.)
present as an act of worship;
offer prayers to the gods
Synonyms: offer up
offer (v.)
mount or put up;
offer resistance
Synonyms: put up / provide
offer (v.)
make available; provide;
The bank offers a good deal on new mortgages
Synonyms: extend
offer (v.)
ask (someone) to marry you;
Synonyms: propose / declare oneself / pop the question
offer (v.)
threaten to do something;
I offered to leave the committee if they did not accept my proposal
2
offer (n.)
the verbal act of offering;
a generous offer of assistance
Synonyms: offering
offer (n.)
something offered (as a proposal or bid);
Synonyms: offering
offer (n.)
a usually brief attempt;
Synonyms: crack / fling / go / pass / whirl
From wordnet.princeton.edu