Etymology
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object (n.)

late 14c., "tangible thing, something perceived with or presented to the senses," from Old French object and directly from Medieval Latin obiectum "thing put before" (the mind or sight), noun use of neuter of Latin obiectus "lying before, opposite" (as a noun in classical Latin, "charges, accusations"), past participle of obicere "to present, oppose, cast in the way of," from ob "in front of, towards, against" (see ob-) + iacere "to throw" (from PIE root *ye- "to throw, impel").

Sense of "purpose, thing aimed at" is from early 15c., from Latin obiectus "that which presents itself to the sight." Meaning "that toward which a cognitive act is directed" is from 1580s. Grammatical sense of "a member of a sentence expressing that on which the action of the verb is exerted" is from 1729.

No object "not a thing regarded as important" is from 1782, in which the sense of object is "obstacle, hindrance" (c. 1500). As an adjective, "presented to the senses," from late 14c. Object-lesson "instruction conveyed by examination of a material object" is from 1831.

object (v.)

c. 1400, objecten, "to bring forward as a ground of opposition, doubt, or criticism; raise an argument against (a proposition, line of reasoning, etc.)," from Old French objecter and directly from Latin obiectus, past participle of obiectare "to cite as grounds for disapproval, set against, oppose," literally "to put or throw before or against," frequentative of obicere (see object (n.)). Related: Objected; objecting.

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Definitions of object
1
object (n.)
a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow;
it was full of rackets, balls and other objects
Synonyms: physical object
object (n.)
the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable);
the sole object of her trip was to see her children
Synonyms: aim / objective / target
object (n.)
(grammar) a constituent that is acted upon;
the object of the verb
object (n.)
the focus of cognitions or feelings;
objects of thought
the object of my affection
object (n.)
(computing) a discrete item that provides a description of virtually anything known to a computer;
in object-oriented programming, objects include data and define its status, its methods of operation and how it interacts with other objects
2
object (v.)
express or raise an objection or protest or criticism or express dissent;
When asked to drive the truck, she objected that she did not have a driver's license
She never objected to the amount of work her boss charged her with
object (v.)
be averse to or express disapproval of;
My wife objects to modern furniture
From wordnet.princeton.edu