numeral (n.)

1520s, "word expressing a number," from French numéral (15c.), from Late Latin numeralis "of or belonging to a number," from Latin numerus "a number" (see number (n.)). Meaning "figure or character standing for a number" is from 1680s. As an adjective, "expressing number," from late 14c.

Old English numerals past 20 (e.g. seofan and twentig) were formed as in modern German; the modern English pattern likely is from influence of French (vingt-sept).

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Definitions of numeral from WordNet
numeral (n.)
a symbol used to represent a number;
he learned to write the numerals before he went to school
Synonyms: number
numeral (adj.)
of or relating to or denoting numbers;
a numeral adjective
Synonyms: numerical / numeric