Etymology
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nose (n.)

Middle English nose, from Old English nosu "the nose of the human head, the special organ of breathing and smelling," from Proto-Germanic *nuso- (source also of Old Norse nös, Old Frisian nose, Dutch neus, Old High German nasa, German Nase), from PIE root *nas- "nose."

Used of beaks or snouts of animals from mid-13c.; of any prominent or projecting part supposed to resemble a nose from late 14c. (nose cone in the space rocket sense is from 1949). Meaning "sense of smell" is from mid-14c. Meaning "odor, scent" is from 1894. In Middle English, to have one's spirit in one's nose was to "be impetuous or easily angered" (c. 1400).

Kiv, It could bee no other then his owne manne, that had thrust his nose so farre out of ioynte. ["Barnabe Riche His Farewell to Military Profession," 1581]

To pay through the nose "pay excessively" (1670s) seems to suggest bleeding. Many extended meanings are from the horse-racing sense of "length of a horse's nose," as a measure of distance between two finishers (1908). To turn up one's nose "show disdain, express scorn or contempt" is from 1818 (earlier hold up one's nose, 1570s); a similar notion is expressed in look down one's nose (1907). To say something is under (one's) nose "in plain view, directly in front of one" is from mid-15c. To be as plain as the nose on one's face "very easy to be seen or understood" is from 1590s.

nose (v.)

1570s, "perceive the smell of;" 1640s; "pry, search in a meddlesome way;" from nose (n.). Related: Nosed; nosing.

updated on July 16, 2019

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Definitions of nose from WordNet
1
nose (n.)
the organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract; the prominent part of the face of man or other mammals;
he has a cold in the nose
Synonyms: olfactory organ
nose (n.)
a front that resembles a human nose (especially the front of an aircraft);
the nose of the rocket heated up on reentry
nose (n.)
the front or forward projection of a tool or weapon;
he ducked under the nose of the gun
nose (n.)
a small distance;
my horse lost the race by a nose
nose (n.)
a symbol of inquisitiveness;
keep your nose out of it
nose (n.)
the sense of smell (especially in animals);
the hound has a good nose
nose (n.)
a natural skill;
he has a nose for good deals
nose (n.)
a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged;
Synonyms: nozzle
2
nose (v.)
search or inquire in a meddlesome way;
Synonyms: intrude / horn in / pry / poke
nose (v.)
advance the forward part of with caution;
She nosed the car into the left lane
nose (v.)
catch the scent of; get wind of;
The dog nosed out the drugs
Synonyms: scent / wind
nose (v.)
push or move with the nose;
nose (v.)
rub noses;
Synonyms: nuzzle
nose (v.)
defeat by a narrow margin;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.