Etymology
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Words related to non-

non-smoker (n.)

also nonsmoker, 1836, "person who does not smoke tobacco," from non- + smoker. Meaning "non-smoking compartment in a railway car" is by 1901. Non-smoking is attested by 1826.

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non-standard (adj.)

also nonstandard, "not average or usual," 1926, from non- + standard. A linguist's value-neutral term for language that is not of the form that is accepted as standard, which was formerly stigmatized as bad or vulgar.

non-starter (n.)

also nonstarter, "one who does not start a race, contest, etc.," hence "ineffectual person or impracticable idea," 1909, from non-  + starter.

non-stop (adj.)

also nonstop, "that does not stop," 1903, from non- + stop (n.); originally of railway trains not making intermediate stops. As an adverb by 1920.

non-toxic (adj.)

also nontoxic, "not poisonous," 1892, from non- + toxic.

non-vascular (adj.)

also nonvascular, "lacking vessels for the circulation of fluid," 1815, from non- + vascular.

non-verbal (adj.)

also nonverbal, "not using words," by 1809, from non- + verbal. Related: Non-verbally.

non-viable (adj.)

applied to a fetus too young to maintain independent life, by 1821, from French non-viable (by 1813 in the Code Napoléon); see non- + viable.

It is an established fact, that under the fifth month no foetus can be born alive—from the fifth to the seventh it may come into the world alive, but cannot maintain existence. The French term these non viable. We may designate them non-rearable, or more properly immature—in distinction to those between the seventh and the ninth month, which may be reared, and are termed premature. [John Gordon Smith, M.D., "The Principles of Forensic Medicine," London, 1821] 
non-violence (n.)
also nonviolence, 1831, from non- + violence. Gandhi used it from 1920.
non-violent (adj.)

also nonviolent, "using peaceful means," especially to bring about change in a society,  1896, from non- + violent (adj.). From 1920 in reference to "principle or practice of abstaining from violence," in writings of M.K. Gandhi.

It is better to be violent, if there is violence in our hearts, than to put on the cloak of non-violence to cover impotence. [Gandhi, "Non-violence in Peace and War," 1948]

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