Etymology
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nomenklatura (n.)

in the Soviet Union, "list of influential posts in government and industry to be filled by Communist Party appointees," thus "the people who held key administrative and bureaucratic positions in the USSR and Eastern Europe;" by 1959 in English, from Russian, literally "a listing of positions to be filled," from Latin nomenclatura (see nomenclature).

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Definitions of nomenklatura

nomenklatura (n.)
the system of patronage in communist countries; controlled by committees in the Communist Party;
From wordnet.princeton.edu