Etymology
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noble (adj.)

c. 1200, "illustrious, distinguished, of high rank or birth," from Old French noble "of noble bearing or birth," from Latin nobilis "well-known, famous, renowned; excellent, superior, splendid; high-born, of superior birth," earlier *gnobilis, literally "knowable," from gnoscere "to come to know" (from PIE root *gno- "to know"). The prominent Roman families, which were "well known," provided most of the Republic's public officials.

Sense of "distinguished by splendor, magnificence, or stateliness" is from late 13c. Meaning "worthy of honor or respect " is from mid-14c. Sense of "having lofty character, having high moral qualities" is from c. 1600. Noble savage is "primitive man conceived of as morally superior to civilized man;" the phrase itself is from Dryden; the idea developed in the 18c.

I am as free as Nature first made Man,
Ere the base Laws of Servitude began,
When wild in Woods the noble Savage ran.
[Dryden, "Conquest of Granada," 1672]

A noble gas (1902) is so called for its inactivity or inertness; a use of the word that had been applied in Middle English to precious stones, metals, etc., that did not alter or oxidize when exposed to air (late 14c.), with noble in the sense of "having admirable properties" (c. 1300).

noble (n.)

"man of rank, person of acknowledged social or political preeminence; person of rank above a commoner," c. 1300, from noble (adj.). The same noun sense also is in Old French and Latin. From mid-14c. as the name of an English coin first issued in reign of Edward III.

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Definitions of noble
1
noble (adj.)
impressive in appearance;
severe-looking policemen sat astride noble horses
a noble tree
Synonyms: baronial / imposing / stately
noble (adj.)
of or belonging to or constituting the hereditary aristocracy especially as derived from feudal times;
of noble birth
noble (adj.)
having or showing or indicative of high or elevated character;
a noble spirit
noble deeds
noble (adj.)
inert especially toward oxygen;
a noble gas such as helium or neon
noble metals include gold and silver and platinum
2
noble (n.)
a titled peer of the realm;
Synonyms: Lord / nobleman
From wordnet.princeton.edu