Etymology
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nitrate (n.)

"a salt formed of nitric acid and a base," 1794, from French nitrate (1787) or Modern Latin nitratum, or formed in English from nitre + -ate (3). Related: Nitrates.

updated on June 26, 2019

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Definitions of nitrate from WordNet
1
nitrate (v.)
treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate;
2
nitrate (n.)
any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid);
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.