night (n.)

late Old English niht (West Saxon neaht, Anglian næht, neht) "the dark part of a day; the night as a unit of time; darkness," also "absence of spiritual illumination, moral darkness, ignorance," from Proto-Germanic *nahts (source also of Old Saxon and Old High German naht, Old Frisian and Dutch nacht, German Nacht, Old Norse natt, Gothic nahts).

The Germanic words are from PIE *nekwt- "night" (source also of Greek nyx "a night," Latin nox, Old Irish nochd, Sanskrit naktam "at night," Lithuanian naktis "night," Old Church Slavonic nosti, Russian noch', Welsh henoid "tonight"), according to Watkins, probably from a verbal root *neg- "to be dark, be night." For spelling with -gh- see fight.  The vowel indicates that the modern English word derives from oblique cases (genitive nihte, dative niht).

The fact that the Aryans have a common name for night, but not for day (q.v.), is due to the fact that they reckoned by nights. [Weekley]

Thus in Old English combinations night was "the night before (a certain day or feast day);" compare German Weihnachten "Christmas," literally "holy night." In early times, the day was held to begin at sunset, so Old English monanniht "Monday night" was the night before Monday, or what we would call Sunday night; so saeterniht "Friday night." The Greeks, by contrast, counted their days by mornings.

To work nights preserves the Old English genitive of time. Night soil "excrement" (1770) is so called because it was removed (from cesspools, etc.) after dark. Night train is attested from 1838; night-school from 1520s; night-life "habitual nocturnal carousing" is attested from 1852.

updated on December 29, 2021

Definitions of night from WordNet
night (n.)
the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside;
Synonyms: nighttime / dark
night (n.)
a period of ignorance or backwardness or gloom;
night (n.)
the period spent sleeping;
I had a restless night
night (n.)
the dark part of the diurnal cycle considered a time unit;
three nights later he collapsed
night (n.)
it vanished into the night
night (n.)
a shortening of nightfall;
they worked from morning to night
night (n.)
the time between sunset and midnight;
he watched television every night
Night (n.)
Roman goddess of night; daughter of Erebus; counterpart of Greek Nyx;
Synonyms: Nox
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