Etymology
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new (adj.)

Middle English neue, from Old English neowe, niowe, earlier niwe "made or established for the first time, fresh, recently made or grown; novel, unheard-of, different from the old; untried, inexperienced, unused," from Proto-Germanic *neuja- (source also of Old Saxon niuwi, Old Frisian nie, Middle Dutch nieuwe, Dutch nieuw, Old High German niuwl, German neu, Danish and Swedish ny, Gothic niujis "new").

This is from PIE *newo- "new" (source also of Sanskrit navah, Persian nau, Hittite newash, Greek neos, Lithuanian naujas, Old Church Slavonic novu, Russian novyi, Latin novus, Old Irish nue, Welsh newydd "new").

From mid-14c. as "novel, modern" (Gower, 1393, has go the new foot "dance the latest style"). In the names of cities and countries named for some other place, c. 1500. Meaning "not habituated, unfamiliar, unaccustomed," 1590s. Of the moon from late Old English. The adverb, "newly, for the first time," is Old English niwe, from the adjective. As a noun, "that which is new," also in Old English. There was a verb form in Old English (niwian, neowian) and Middle English (neuen) "make, invent, create; bring forth, produce, bear fruit; begin or resume (an activity); resupply; substitute," but it seems to have fallen from use.

New Testament is from late 14c. New math in reference to a system of teaching mathematics based on investigation and discovery is from 1958. New World (adj.) to designate phenomena of the Western Hemisphere first attested 1823, in Lord Byron; the noun phrase is recorded from 1550s. New Deal in the FDR sense is attested by 1932. New school in reference to the more advanced or liberal faction of something is from 1806. New Left (1960) was a coinage of U.S. political sociologist C. Wright Mills (1916-1962). New light in reference to religions is from 1640s. New frontier, in U.S. politics, "reform and social betterment," is from 1934 (Henry Wallace) but associated with John F. Kennedy's use of it in 1960.

updated on May 30, 2019

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Definitions of new from WordNet
1
new (adj.)
other than the former one(s); different;
my new car is four years old but has only 15,000 miles on it
they now have a new leaders
ready to take a new direction
new (adj.)
not of long duration; having just (or relatively recently) come into being or been made or acquired or discovered;
a new comet
a new friend
new cars
a new year
a new law
new (adj.)
original and of a kind not seen before;
Synonyms: fresh / novel
new (adj.)
lacking training or experience;
the new men were eager to fight
Synonyms: raw
new (adj.)
having no previous example or precedent or parallel;
Synonyms: unexampled
new (adj.)
unaffected by use or exposure;
it looks like new
new (adj.)
(of crops) harvested at an early stage of development; before complete maturity;
new potatoes
Synonyms: young
new (adj.)
(often followed by `to') unfamiliar;
errors of someone new to the job
experiences new to him
new experiences
2
new (adv.)
very recently;
grass new washed by the rain
Synonyms: newly / freshly / fresh
3
New (adj.)
in use after medieval times;
New (adj.)
used of a living language; being the current stage in its development;
Synonyms: Modern
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.