Etymology
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Netherlands

European nation along the North Sea west of Germany, from Dutch Nederland, literally "lower land" (see nether); said to have been used especially by the Austrians (who ruled much of the southern part of the Low Countries from 1713 to 1795), by way of contrast to the mountains they knew, but the name is older than this. The Netherlands formerly included Flanders and thus were equivalent geographically and etymologically to the Low Countries. Related: Netherlander; Netherlandish (both c. 1600). In German terms, Netherlander is contrasted with Dutch Overlander, German Oberländer.

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Definitions of Netherlands

Netherlands (n.)
a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea; half the country lies below sea level;
Synonyms: The Netherlands / Kingdom of The Netherlands / Nederland / Holland
From wordnet.princeton.edu