Etymology
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negritude (n.)

also Negritude, 1950, from French négritude; see Negro + -tude. Used variously over the years, generally "quality or character of being a Negro," also "affirmation of the values of black or African culture." The French word was supposedly coined by poet Aimé Césaire (1913-2008) and young authors from the French colonies of Africa before World War II. Nigritude in the sense of "blackness" is recorded in English from 1650s.

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Definitions of negritude

Negritude (n.)
an ideological position that holds Black culture to be independent and valid on its own terms; an affirmation of the African cultural heritage;
From wordnet.princeton.edu