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neglect (v.)

1520s, "omit to do or perform;" 1530s, "treat carelessly or heedlessly, treat with disrespect or without proper attention or care;" from Latin neglectus, past participle of neglegere "to make light of, disregard, be indifferent to, not heed, not trouble oneself about," literally "not to pick up," variant of neclegere, from Old Latin nec "not" (from PIE root *ne- "not") + legere "pick up, select," from PIE root *leg- (1) "to collect, gather." Related: Neglected; neglecting.

neglect (n.)

1580s, "act of treating with slight attention;" 1590s, "omission, oversight, want of attention to what ought to be done;" from neglect (v.) or from Latin neglectus "a neglecting," noun use of past participle of neglegere.

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Definitions of neglect from WordNet
1
neglect (n.)
lack of attention and due care;
Synonyms: disregard
neglect (n.)
the state of something that has been unused and neglected;
the house was in a terrible state of neglect
Synonyms: disuse
neglect (n.)
willful lack of care and attention;
Synonyms: disregard
neglect (n.)
the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern;
Synonyms: negligence / neglectfulness
neglect (n.)
failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances;
Synonyms: negligence / carelessness / nonperformance
2
neglect (v.)
leave undone or leave out;
Synonyms: pretermit / omit / drop / miss / leave out / overlook / overleap
neglect (v.)
fail to do something; leave something undone;
Synonyms: fail
neglect (v.)
fail to attend to;
he neglects his children
neglect (v.)
give little or no attention to;
Synonyms: ignore / disregard
From wordnet.princeton.edu