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neat (adj.)

1540s, "clean, free from dirt," from Anglo-French neit, French net "clear, pure" (12c.), from Latin nitidus "well-favored, elegant, trim," literally "gleaming," from nitere "to shine," from PIE root *nei- "to shine" (source also of Middle Irish niam "gleam, splendor," niamda "shining;" Old Irish noib "holy," niab "strength;" Welsh nwyfiant "gleam, splendor").

From 1540s as "well-shaped, well-proportioned; characterized by nicety of appearance." Meaning "inclined to be tidy" is from 1570s; sense of "in good order" is from 1590s. Of liquor, "straight, undiluted," c. 1800, from meaning "unadulterated" (of wine), which is first attested 1570s. Informal sense of "very good, desirable" is noted by 1934 in American English, but in many earlier senses in English since 17c. neat seems to be simply a vague commendatory word; variant neato is teenager slang, by 1968. Related: Neatly; neatness.

neat (n.)

"oxen, bullocks, cows, bovine cattle collectively," Old English neat "ox, beast, animal," singularly or collectively, from Proto-Germanic *nautam "thing of value, possession" (source also of Old Frisian nat, Middle Dutch noot, Old High German noz, Old Norse naut), from PIE root *neud- "to make use of, enjoy." Related: Neatherd; neats-foot.

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Definitions of neat from WordNet

neat (adj.)
very good;
a neat sports car
Synonyms: bang-up / bully / corking / cracking / dandy / great / groovy / keen / nifty / not bad / peachy / slap-up / swell / smashing / old
neat (adj.)
clean or organized;
her neat dress
a neat room
Synonyms: orderly
neat (adj.)
showing care in execution;
neat handwriting
neat homework
neat (adj.)
free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed;
the neat exactness of the surgeon's knife
Synonyms: clean
neat (adj.)
superficially impressive, but lacking depth and attention to the true complexities of a subject;
it was a neat plan, but bound to fail
Synonyms: facile / slick
neat (adj.)
(of an alcoholic drink) without water;
took his whiskey neat
Synonyms: straight / full-strength
From wordnet.princeton.edu